Practical Life

DSC03107The direct aims of these activities are to meet the child’s needs and to encourage and facilitate development. The Practical exercises help children to take care of themselves and their surroundings. The children gain confidence as well as the competence through these Practical Life activities. The children develop motor skills and co-ordination. They use little jugs filled with solids and water to practice pouring into little cups. They can practice dressing skills on specially made frames which allow them to try for example Zips, Buttons, Bows and Buckles. Other activities use scaled down versions of real equipment like Brushes, Brooms, cleaning kits to polish a table a pair of shoes. Rolling mats, carrying a chair, threading beads are tasks that build their hand and mind co-ordination which prepares them for the intellectual work to come.


The sensorial resources provides the child with sensory-motor activities which have been systematically planned for the nine senses and so permit the child to form new concepts through experience. The sensorial resources provide the child with both direct and indirect experience in the field of mathematics reading, science and music. One of the first pieces of sensorial apparatus children use when they come into the Montessori is a set of solid geometric forms called the geometric solids that they explore with their hands. At first they are presented in baskets, each basket having one type of solid, semi regular solids, curved surface solids and so on. As they grow older they become fascinated with the name of these shapes Pyramid, Ellipsoid and so on. The other piece of material uses flat geometric shapes – Circle, Square, Triangle that are flat. The Pink tower, Broad stairs, Cylinder blocks, Touch tablets, Colour tablets, Sound boxes and so on. Each of these is used to stimulate and refine one of the nine sensory areas and each will be presented to the child to be used in an exact way to aid his/her development. Some materials like Cylinder blocks, Geometric insets are held by their little knobs between the finger and thumb, do prepare the muscles of the hand for writing.


The mathematical resources take the children through the journey from concrete to abstract. Children gain a physical impression of size and quantity long before they begin to manipulate numbers by handling Number rods, Counting beads, Spindles, colour counters in patterns – odd and even numbers. The Sand paper symbols are traced with fingers. The extensive resources provided for maths gives the child a strong foundation.


Writing often comes before reading. The sensorial activities help them build up this skill. The children learn their phonetic sound through the Sand paper letters and then they build up words. The Movable alphabets help them to build many phonetic words that they begin to read. The reading program progresses through three levels pink, blue and green. The reading materials are colour coded for each level. Writing skills learned by colouring intricate shapes drawn with insets, and sandpaper letters are experienced by touch as well as by sight and sound. A wide range of story, picture books and reference books are always available.

Cultural Biology and Geography

The holistic approach is introduced very much earlier through the Exercises of Practical Life and Sensorial. These experiences provide an introduction for conceptual development. The natural world, nature table, food chain, life cycle, classification will provide the child to acquire more detailed knowledge in the areas of biology, geography, history and science.